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A poultry farming for beginners guide can greatly assist you in starting your own poultry farming business.

You could be willing to start a farm for your new source of income because poultry farming has already shown to be profitable.

Poultry farming, in its broadest sense, refers to the commercial production of meat, eggs, and feathers from a variety of domestic birds.

But, in this case, we’re talking about a beginner’s guide to poultry farming using chickens.

Aside from beef, hog, and fish, chicken products are a major source of animal protein.

And hens have long been a part of human existence.

A family’s animal feeding needs are met by small-scale chicken rearing.

Large-scale or commercial poultry farming, on the other hand, provides people with the possibility to make a lot of money.

This is why there are so many chicken farms.

Poultry farming is a good enterprise for persons who are interested in livestock farming, maintaining birds, and are used to living on a farm.

Poultry farming can be a very successful business provided it is done correctly and in a way that is beneficial to the birds.

Poultry Farming For Beginners

Actually, in order to make a decent profit, each sort of agricultural firm follows unique operating standards.

When such principles are disregarded by the farm management system, substantial losses follow.

As a result, it’s a good idea to understand more about the business before getting started.

Take some time to consider why the majority of poultry producers earn a profit while some fail.

Some farmers, particularly newcomers, have been driven out of the company because they were unable to run it correctly and consequently lost money.

A successful chicken farming company requires a lot of effort while also being simple.

But this isn’t a job for a slacker.

You must do all tasks on schedule and at a high standard in accordance with a detailed plan.

However, we are attempting to address specifics regarding poultry farming for novices in this article.

How to Start Poultry Farming Business

Start your new chicken farming business by following the steps below.

Starting a poultry farming business is simple, but it does need a lot of daily labor.

Here, we’re attempting to incorporate all of the information you’ll want for the business.

Choose a Farm Location.

It’s critical to choose a decent agricultural site for your business.

You should choose a site that has all of the necessary amenities and is conducive to your business.

It may be a short distance from the town, where land and labor are relatively inexpensive.

However, don’t place the farm too far away from the town.

Because the majority of communities have dense populations, and you must target that market.

Also, because chicken farms have an undesirable stench, try to avoid establishing the farm near residential neighborhoods.

Consider the transportation system and medical amenities while choosing a farm location.

Build a House

After deciding on a farm setting, build a suitable home for your birds.

Ensure that the new house has all of the necessary amenities.

You can choose from three different types of poultry house systems.

The terms “extensive,” “semi-intensive,” and “intense” are used interchangeably.

The intensive approach is the most practical for commercial manufacturing.

You may raise your birds in a cage system or on the floor.

Broiler chickens require around 2.5 square feet of room, whereas layer chickens require approximately 4 square feet.

For example, if you want to raise 200 layers, you’ll need around 800 square feet of area.

In a cage arrangement, each bird need around 4 square feet of area.

Don’t forget to provide adequate lighting and ventilation in the home.

Prepare Your Investment

Poultry farming needs capital, you may either arrange the funds on your own or seek for a bank loan.

Starting a poultry farming company is possible with both government and non-government bank funding.

For the lending process, you should contact your preferred bank.

As a newbie, you should start with the smallest number of birds possible, as this will save you money.

Type of Production

To begin, decide on the sort of chicken farm you want to run.

If you wish to produce eggs economically, you can raise broiler birds for meat production and layers for egg production.

You might also build a poultry farm to sell chicken goods and breeding stock to local clients directly.

Determine your production goals, choose appropriate chicken breeds for your needs, and begin the thorough planning process.

Purchase Required Equipment

For your chicken farm, you’ll need to buy certain equipment.

The following is a list of necessary equipment for successfully running a chicken farm.

  • Perches
  • Brooders or heaters
  • Ventilation system
  • Waste disposal system
  • Feeders
  • Waterers
  • Nests
  • Cages
  • Coops
  • Crates
  • Incubator
  • Egg tray
  • Lighting instruments


You’ll require more or less manpower/labor depending on the amount of birds.

If you start with a small number of birds (200-500), you may easily run your farm on your own as a novice.

You will want extra personnel if you intend to raise more birds.

Check to see whether low-cost labor is accessible in the location you’ve chosen.

Chicks for Sale

Purchase nice chicks from a reputable breeder in your region and begin caring for them when you’ve set everything up and have everything ready.

Before the chicks from the breeding house arrive at your farm, get the brooder ready.

It’s best to start with day old chicks rather than older chicks if you’re a newbie.

Keep the number of chicks to a bare minimum if you are a complete novice with no prior experience.


The most crucial aspect of the chicken farming industry is feeding.

After you’ve built your house and bought your equipment and chicks, you’ll need to spend a lot of money on food for your birds.

The feeding will account for around 70% of the entire project costs.

Quality and enough nourishment are also important for corporate success.

You may either buy the feed materials from the market and make the feed yourself, or you can buy ready-made chicken feeds.


Marketing techniques have an impact on your company’s earnings.

If you can easily sell your items in the market, it will inspire you to increase your output.

Before establishing any agricultural business, it’s usually a good idea to find out what marketing options are available in your region.

Because if you can’t sell your things correctly, your firm won’t be very lucrative.

I hope that this poultry farming for beginners guide will assist you in developing a business strategy for your new venture.

Before you begin, study as much as you can about the industry and, if feasible, visit several farms.

For the first time, consult with other farmers in your region and start with a small number of birds.

As you gain experience, you may progressively extend your farm.

Example Poultry Farms in Johannesburg

Poultry Farm Address
Sunsets Chickens Muruthu St, Andeon, Pretoria
Weber Poultry Hatchery 673 Berg Ave, Florauna, Pretoria
VusimuziM Chicken Co 1281 sec, D St, Mamelodi, Pretoria
Jumbana Ranch Plot 270 Kameeldrift Weg, East, Pretoria
Orkwood Farms 8 Moretshe St, Lotus Gardens, Pretoria
Superior Chicks 581 Theo St, Rietvlei View Country Estates, Pretoria
Queen’s Eggs 18797 Mokwane St, Mamelodi, Pretoria
Alfa Kuikenplaas Plot 215 Haakdoornboom Rd, Pretoria
MeloChicks 109 Cayman Rd, Alewynspoort
Sunrise Poultry Farms 294 Commissioner St, Jeppestown
AA Poultry Farm 521 Jeans street, zuurbekom
Stokvel Farming Fox St, Marshalltown, Johannesburg
Bolbrand Poultry 74 George Ave, Sandringham, Johannesburg
Moollas Poultry 71 Church St, Mayfair, Johannesburg
Gaymans Breeder Farm 92 Clulee Rd, Linbro Park AH, Sandton
Queenbee’s Umleqwa Supplier 1 Kelvin St, Industria, Johannesburg
Mahlinzas poultry 189 1st Ave, Wynberg, Alexandra
Songloed Poultry Farm Plot 83 Barn Road, Eikenhof, Johannesburg South
Poultry Empire 27 Kerry Rd, Rembrandt Park, Johannesburg
Shaans Halaal Chickens 47 High St, Brixton, Johannesburg
Asken Poultry Midrand 46 Pretoria Rd, Lyndhurst, Johannesburg
Amara Halaal Poultry 70 Maraisburg Rd, Bosmont, Johannesburg
Firefox Poultry Plot 175, Elandsfontein, Pretoria
New Africa Chick 78 Lucilina St, Monument Park, Pretoria
Endura Poultry 1187 Cobham Rd, Queenswood, Pretoria
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